The Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque is the most impressive building in Turkey. This mosque was formerly the largest church in Istanbul. The building had been constructed three times. In the beginning, this building was a cathedral. It became a mosque in 1453. Then, it was opened as a museum from 1935 to 2020.
In this article, you will be able to find out about the location, the history, and some amazing facts about this grand mosque.
Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque is located in Sultanahmet, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey. This grand mosque is near other popular sites in Turkey. It is close to Topkapi Palace, Basilica Cistern, Blue Mosque, and Istanbul Archeology Museum. You can even reach this grand mosque only for a 2-minute walk from Blue Mosque.
Open Hour and Entrance Free
This grand mosque is open every day. You can visit this stunning mosque from 8 AM up to 6 PM. The good news is that you can enter this beautiful architecture free of charge. So, when you are in Turkey, do not miss this impressive mosque that becomes the eighth wonder in the Word.
The Church of Hagia Sophia was built in 360. Anthemius and Isidoros were the designers of this architecture. The construction of the church was completed in 537. However, due to an earthquake in 546 and 557, the dome of this building collapsed.
Sultan Mahmed conquered Constantinople in 1453. Then, he converted this church into a mosque. He started to perform Friday Prayer in this mosque. Fatih Sultan Mehmet Khan and other sultans tried to beautify this mosque with Islamic art.
Mesmerizing tile art and calligraphy decorate this grand mosque. With all of the architectural beauty, this mosque became a UNESCO World Heritage site. In 1935, this mosque became a museum. 85 years later, the government converted this museum into a mosque.
One of the most impressive parts of this architecture is the dome. The dome is 100 feet wide and 180 feet high. This church has been converted into a mosque. But you are still able to see the Christian mosaics in the upper gallery. There is also a Virgin Mary mosaic you can find on the altar.
This architecture is a combination of Islamic and Christian symbols. For example, you can find the mosaic of the Virgin Mary and a child in the central mihrab.
This mosque is open for Muslim and Non-Muslim visitors. But there are some etiquettes they must notice. First, put off the shoes before entering the mosque. Then, you should avoid visiting this mosque during prayer times.
Next, every woman who visits this mosque must wear a veil or head covering. You can borrow the headscarves available for visitors for free. Besides, you can take pictures of this mosque. But, you must not take pictures of the people who are praying. You should behave well in this mosque. Always keep silent when people are praying.
That is the explanation about the Grand Mosque Hagia Sophia. Make sure that you visit this mosque when you are in Turkey.